It’s not entirely understood why eruption cysts form in some cases. They always appear right before a new tooth is set to burst through the gum line. A clear fluid becomes trapped between the new tooth’s crown and the special tissue known as the dental follicle that surrounds it. As the tooth rises up, the cyst can become more noticeable or darker in color. Fluid accumulation isn’t a sign of complications with the tooth eruption, just a warning that it’s close to happening. Cysts that cause a lot of pain or that remain in place for weeks are more likely to need a dentist’s attention than those that appear quickly and disappear without further issue.
Will the Eruption Cyst Burst?
It’s fairly inevitable that the cyst will burst on its own, letting the tooth come through and exposing the crown. This shouldn’t cause any pain or infection and will likely occur without your child even noticing. If the cyst remains in place or causes discomfort for your child, the dentist can check it and lance it if necessary to reduce the pressure under the surface. This may be necessary for the tooth to erupt, but that’s a rare occurrence today. Further treatment like antibiotics or drainage will only occur if the pediatric dentist thinks there’s an infection or impaction complicating the situation. Very few tooth eruptions develop these kinds of issues, but prompt treatment is best if there are any signs of trouble.
Does Your Child Need Treatment for an Eruption Cyst?
If the cyst bursts and there’s some blood, there’s no need for alarm. Signs that your child needs to see a dentist for an eruption cyst include:
- Pain or tenderness at the site of the cyst that is persistent or more than mild
- Swelling in the surrounding gum tissue or jaw
- Fever without any other apparent cause
- Difficulty speaking or chewing
- Bleeding that persists after the cysts rupture
- Cysts that don’t resolve on their own after a few weeks.
Preventing Eruption Cysts
Since it’s not known how eruption cysts form, it’s impossible to prevent them. Simply focus on supporting your child’s dental health by encouraging good brushing habits and taking them to the dentist every six months for routine cleaning. Any lump in the gum tissue that persists for a few weeks or causes pain should be inspected by the dentist to rule out abscesses and impacted teeth. These harmless eruption cysts are more common in children growing in their adult set of teeth, but they can form even in babies and toddlers experiencing their first set of teeth growth. Using teething tools or practices like feeding teething biscuits won’t cause or discourage these cysts from forming.
Need help with your child’s teething or tooth eruption concerns? Visit us here at Saginaw Kids Dentistry for peace of mind and a fun experience for parents and children alike. We can handle all sorts of oral cyst and eruption issues to make the process as painless as possible. Make an appointment today to see a pediatric dentist and get a better idea of when to expect tooth eruption in your growing child’s beautiful smile.